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Test your knowledge and awareness about immunizations.
1. Immunizations are the best way of protecting children from some infectious diseases.
True. Many infectious diseases that once were common in this country are now under control because of vaccines. Immunizing children is the best way of protecting them from many infectious diseases. Children and adolescents between ages 11 and 13 need the additional protection that immunizations provide. Booster shots continue to help protect them against diseases for which they were immunized as infants or young children.
2. Even though most infants, toddlers, and adolescents receive all recommended vaccines by age 2, many children are still under-immunized.
True. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), vaccine-preventable disease levels are at or near record lows due to high levels of immunization. However, even though most infants and toddlers have received all recommended vaccines by age 2, many under-immunized children remain, leaving the potential for outbreaks of disease. Many adolescents are under-immunized as well, missing opportunities to protect themselves against diseases such as hepatitis B and influenza.
3. I should be very concerned about the side effects of vaccinations because all children develop reactions.
False. In most cases, vaccines have no side effects or cause only mild reactions, such as fever or soreness at the injection site. Very rarely, people experience more serious side effects, like allergic reactions. Severe reactions to vaccines occur so rarely that the risk is usually difficult to calculate.
4. The meningococcal vaccine is only recommended for children ages 11 and 12 and for unvaccinated adolescents entering high school.
False. The CDC recommends the meningococcal vaccine for all children ages 11 and 12, for unvaccinated adolescents entering high school, and for college freshmen living in dormitories. Meningitis is an infection of the fluid in the spinal cord and the fluid that surrounds the brain. This is sometimes referred to as spinal meningitis. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection.
5. Immunizations are equally important for adults; reports show that adults are under-immunized.
True. According to the CDC, many adults are under-immunized, missing opportunities to protect themselves against diseases such as hepatitis B, influenza, and pneumococcal disease. In 2012, there were approximately 32,000 cases of invasive pneumococcal disease, and of those cases, there were about 3,300 deaths. Unfortunately, many adults die from diseases that can be prevented by vaccinations.
6. Each year, approximately 226,000 people are hospitalized due to the flu, and between 3,000 and 49,000 people die of complications due to the flu.
True. According to the CDC, each year, approximately 226,000 people are hospitalized due to influenza, and between 3,000 and 49,000 people die of influenza and its complications; the majority of these people are adults.
7. The flu vaccine is the best way to prevent infection with the flu virus and the complications associated with it.
True. The best way to prevent infection with the flu virus is by getting a flu vaccination each fall. Please discuss your individual vaccination needs with your health care provider.
8. Flu symptoms include: fever (usually high), runny or stuffy nose, headache, sore throat, muscle aches, extreme fatigue, dry cough, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, (which is more common in children than adults).
True. All of the above are symptoms of the flu. Complications of the flu can include bacterial pneumonia, dehydration, and worsening of chronic conditions (e.g., diabetes, asthma, congestive heart failure).
9. The flu vaccine is only recommended for people at high risk for complications from the flu.
False. Discuss your individual needs with your health care provider. In general, everyone 6 months of age and older should get vaccinated against the 2014 – 2015 flu.
This information was gathered from CDC.gov